The word Jabodetabek is a combination of abbreviated names of the cities in the region – Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi. The “de” in Jabodetabek refers to Depok, while the word Depok is well known as an acronym of De Eerste Protestants Onderdaan Kerk (Indonesian: Organisasi Kristen Protestan Pertama, English: First Protestant Christian Organization).
This name reportedly came from the city’s founder, a Dutch missionary and VOC officer called Cornelius Chastelein. There is also a saying that the word “depok” itself comes from Sundanese meaning hermitage or abode of one living in seclusion.
While originally founded with protestant Christian roots, the majority of Depok residents now adhere to the Islamic faith. Depok is also home to some of Indonesia’s top universities, including the University of Indonesia and Jakarta State Polytechnic.