The city has a colourful history. During the Middle Ages, Bogor served as the capital of the Sunda Kingdom. In the Dutch colonial period, it was named Buitenzorg (meaning “Without worries” in Dutch) and served as the summer residence of the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies.
With several hundred thousand people living in an area of about 20 km2 (7.7 sq mi), the central part of Bogor is one of the world’s most densely populated areas. The city has a presidential palace and a botanical garden – one of the oldest and largest in the world. It bears the nickname “the Rain City” (Kota Hujan), because of frequent rain showers.